Two planes involved in near-miss crash at New York's JFK airport – Daily Mail

By Melissa Koenig For Dailymail.Com and Eleanor Dye For Mailonline


A Delta pilot remained cool, calm and collected Friday night despite nearly colliding nose-first into the side of an American Airlines that had crossed into its runway.
The unnamed pilot could be heard in audio recordings from the John F. Kennedy International Airport air traffic control tower simply saying he will need to make a few phone calls about the nearly fatal crash.
‘Yeah, we’re gonna have to go somewhere, run a couple of checklists and probably make some phone calls for Delta 1943,’ the pilot says calmly, adding that he figures the crew will just head back to the gate.
The Boeing 737 he was piloting was traveling at 115mph down a runway at the New York’s airport at around 8.45pm when an air traffic controller noticed that the American Airlines flight to the UK crossed from an adjacent runway right in front of the departing plane, ABC 7 reports.
Air Traffic Control had told the American Airlines flight to cross ‘runway 31L at Kilo’ but instead crossed runway 4 Left at Juliet, crossing directly in front of the departing Delta flight.

The Delta pilot was forced to abruptly brake, traveling another 661 feet before he came to a complete stop with just 1,000 feet to spare before the plane would have T-boned the American Airlines Boeing 777, the Federal Aviation Administration said in a preliminary statement.
It was then forced to return to the gate, and did not takeoff again until the next morning, while the American Airlines flight arrived in the UK on time.

‘We’re talking split seconds here, but the initial cognition is this is not going to end well,’ he told NBC News.  
‘There were vocal reactions,’ he said. ‘A few screams when the plane first started slowing then total silence.’ 
He added in another interview with Business Insider that he ‘felt a surge of adrenaline knowing this was not normal and not knowing what to expect.
‘As the plane came to a stop, I realized we’d be OK — I thought it was a mechanical thing.’
Healy said the pilot actually told the passengers that another plane had passed in front of them, forcing him to abort the takeoff.
He decided to cancel his flight in the aftermath and received a full refund.
It is unclear how many people were on board the Boeing 777, but American Airlines Boeing 777-200s carry 37 business seats, 24 premium economy seats, 66 standard standard seats and 146 main cabin seats.
Both the FAA and the National Transportation Safety Board are now investigating the incident as it remains unclear what happened to the pilots in the aftermath — though the American Airlines pilot was forced to call a phone number for ‘possible pilot deviation.’
An American Airlines plane was seen crossing the path of a Delta flight as it was about to take off. Air traffic control exclaimed ‘s***!’ as they noticed the potential collision
Audio recordings suggest the American Airlines pilot did not properly follow Air Traffic Control’s instructions.
As the Aviation Herald reports, the American Airlines flight was on taxiway B for departure from runway 04L.
It was cleared to cross runway 31L on taxiway K, but instead continued straight on, joining taxiway J, crossing runway 04L.  
At the same time, the Delta flight was cleared for takeoff from runway 04L and was accelerating when Air Traffic Control noticed the conflict.
A controller took swift action to keep the airlines from colliding.
‘S***! F***! Delta 1943, cancel takeoff clearance! Delta 1943, cancel takeoff clearance!’ he said in an audio recording of Air Traffic Control communications.
The recording was made by LiveATC, a website that monitors and posts flight communications. 
‘Delta 1943 say intentions,’ the controller continues, before telling the plane to taxi. The plane had previously been cleared for takeoff. 
Air Traffic Control then instructed the crew of the American Airlines flight to call a phone number ‘due to possible pilot deviation.’ 
The pilot then asks: ‘The last clearance we were given, we were cleared to cross is that correct.’
An air traffic controller responds, ‘I guess we’ll listen to the tapes, but you were uh supposed to depart 4L. You’re currently holding short of runway 31L.’ 
The Delta flight eventually took off to Santa Domingo Airport in the Dominican Republic the next morning, while the American Airlines flight arrived on time at London Heathrow on Saturday morning (file images)
The two planes can be seen coming within 1,000 feet of each other before the Delta 1943 came to an abrupt halt
The Delta plane had previously been cleared for takeoff and was about to depart for Santa Domingo
The Federal Aviation Administration has four categories of runway incursion (when a plane, vehicle or person is incorrectly on a runway). 
These range from Category D (least serious) to Category A (most severe).
Category D has ‘no immediate safety consequences’, while the next stage, Category C, says there is ‘ample time and/or distance to avoid a collision’. 
Category B demonstrates ‘significant potential’ for a collision. 
Category A is ‘a series incident in which a collision was narrowly avoided’ – the final stage before an accident itself occurring.
The near miss on Friday 13 at JFK was defined by US Department of Transportation general Mary Schiavo as being a Category A incursion
Source: FAA
The Federal Aviation Administration and National Transportation Safety Board both announced they would start investigations into the incident.
A Delta spokesperson said in a statement it ‘will work with and assist aviation authorities on a full review of flight 1943 on Jan. 13 regarding a successful aborted takeoff procedure at New York-JFK. 
‘We apologize to our customers for the inconvenience and delay of their travels.’
American Airlines would not comment on the incident and said it would defer all questions to the FAA.
Former US Department of Transportation general Mary Schiavo told CNN that the incident fell into the ‘most serious category of runway incursions’ (category A) and that such occurrences are on the rise.  
John Cox, a retired pilot and professor of aviation safety at the University of Southern California, told NBC News: ‘The Delta crew was doing exactly what it was supposed to.’
He added that he thought the controller ‘made a good call to reject the takeoff.’
And, Cox said the rejected takeoff safety maneuver, which is when pilots stop the aircraft and discontinue the takeoff, is one they are ‘very, very familiar with.’
‘Pilots practice rejected takeoff almost every time they get to the simulator,’ he said.
‘They’ll go back and listen to every transmission between the American jet and air traffic control to see who misunderstood what,’ Cox said.
People took to Twitter to express their shock and relief that nobody was hurt. 
Former US Department of Transportation general Mary Schiavo told CNN that the incident fell into the ‘most serious category of runway incursions’ (category A) and that such occurrences are on the rise

People took to Twitter to express their shock and relief that nobody was hurt – and said it could have been another Tenerife Airport disaster
The Delta plane returned to the gate at JFK, where those onboard disembarked. Pictured: File image of the entrance to New York’s JFK airport
Pictured: A Federal Aviation Administration sign hangs in the tower at John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York
‘Brilliant work by ATC to recognize the incursion and cancel takeoff clearance,’ Lawrence Hunt wrote.
Zach Lowrie also said he is ‘very grateful that a tragedy was averted,’ and another Twitter user named Nathan simply wrote: ‘Great job by the ATC and Delta pilots,’ 
Others compared the near-miss to the infamous Tenerife Airport Disaster in 1977, when two Boeing 747 passenger jets collided on the runway of what was then called Los Rodeos Airport. 
There were 583 fatalities, making it the deadliest aviation accident in history. 
Two Boeing 747 passenger planes collided at Los Rodeos Airport (now the Tenerife North Airport) on March 27, 1977 in the deadliest aviation accident in history.
Both flights had been redirected to the airport on the Spanish island of Tenerife that day after members of the Canary Islands Independence Movement set off a bomb at the Gran Canaria Airports.

The airport quickly became congested with parked airplanes blocking the only taxiway and forcing departing planes onto the runway.
The problem came when KLM flight 4805 was beginning its takeoff run while Pan-Am flight 1736 was still on the runway.
The impact and resulting fire killed everyone on board the KLM flight and most of the occupants of the Pan-Am flight, leaving only 61 survivors in the front of the aircraft. 
There were 583 fatalities.
The Tenerife Airport disaster was the deadliest aviation accident in history
A subsequent Spanish investigation found that the KLM pilot mistakenly thought he had takeoff clearance.
Meanwhile, Dutch investigators said there was a mutual misunderstanding in the radio communications between the pilot and air traffic control.
But ultimately KLM admitted that their crew was responsible, and the airline agreed to compensate the relatives of all the victims.
Following the disaster, airports around the world agreed to use standardized phraseology in their radio communications. 
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